R.W.G. Hunt, "The Specification of Colour Appearance: I. Concepts
Color Research and Application, Vol 2, No 2, Summer 1977, pp. 55-68
R.W.G. Hunt, "The Specification of Colour Appearance:
II. Effects of Changes in Viewing Conditions,"
|Artists and Pigments||
Dated history of artists and pigments, dated color theories, techniques of
the past, past color theories. www.realcolorwheel.com/1artists.htm
Real Color Wheel
Color In Astronomical Photos: A Semi-Philosophical Discussion
What Color are the Stars? (some pixel RGB values)
Color Matters Bibliography
|Causes||Causes of Color
Causes of Color in Minerals
Causes of Color in Minerals and Gemstones
Kurt Nassau, The Physics and Chemistry of Color: The Fifteen Causes of Color, John Wiley, 1983.
Blue Screens (Chroma Blue):
The Blue Screen Page
How to make figures and presentations that are friendly to color blind
The Color Vision Store
Color Blindness: More Prevalent Among Males
[Fortner97, pp. 57-60, pp. 111-112 "lines of confusion"]
Are you color blind? (six Ishihara test
A trichromat is a person with normal vision with three normal color receptors. Color-blind individuals may be classified as dichromats, monochromats or anomalous trichromats. Protanopia (red blindness, L cones are absent), deuteranopia (green blindness, M cones are absent), tritanopia (yellow-blue blindness). "Color Blindness," Chapter 8, [Byrne97B] or Section 8.6 "Visual chromatic defects" in [Malacara2002].
Relative abundance of visual chromatic defects from [Malacara2002, Table 8.3, p. 139]
What Color -- An Assistant to Color Blinds
Color Vision -- Color Deficiency
Vischeck can show you what
your image looks like to people who are color blind, people with glaucoma or macular
degeneration, elders and children.
Ishihara Test for Color Blindness
Eric Rudd's UseNet Post about simulating color blindness
Françoise Viénot, et al, "Digital Video Colourmaps for Checking
the Legibility of Displays by Dichromats,"
Unconstrained Color Naming Experiment by Nathan Moroney at HP
Danny Rich's UseNet Post about the links here.
Comments about the above page in UseNet post (29 Nov 1999) by Mathew Brennesholtz
Color: Universal Language and Dictionary of Names by Kenneth L. Kelly and Deanne B. Judd. National Bureau of Standards, Spec. Publ. 440, Dec. 1976, 189 pages.
The NBS/ISCC Color System -- The 267 Color Centroids
Color names and hex (or decimal) values:
UNIX X11 rgb.txt file with RGB values and color names often found in directory /usr/X11R6/lib/X11
Real Color Wheel (for artists).
Color Name Samples
Color Concepts and Names, [Byrne97B, Section II]
Crayola Crayons Color Names
Find a PANTONE color
X-rite's Ask a Color Expert
|Dyes||Database of manufacturers producing
Acid, Basic, Direct, Disperse, Mordant, Reactive, Vat Dyes and Pigments for application to
Textiles, Leather, Plastics, Paper, and more
Colorants: Dyes, [Nassau98, Chapter 11]
|Education||Color Education Page
|FAQs||Frequently Asked Questions
Charles Poynton's Gamma FAQ and Color FAQ, www.poynton.com
Luis Almela and Jose A. Fernández-López, "Measuring the Color of
|Four-Color Theorem||Graph theory problem. See Mathematics page.|
Edul N. Dalal and Kristen M. Natale, "The Effect of Gloss on Color,"
Color Research and Application, Vol 24, No 5, Oct 1999, pp. 369-376
History of Colored Ores
Dated history of artists and pigments, dated color theories, techniques
of the past, past color theories
Chapter 5, Color and Information, pp. 81-95
Why Should Engineers and Scientists Be Worried About Color? discusses problems with "rainbow" colormap; nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio data; hue is not a good dimension for encoding magnitude information; luminance and saturation colormaps are better for representing continuous variations in data magnitude. www.research.ibm.com/people/l/lloydt/color/color.HTM
Reproducing Color Images Using Custom Inks
|Leaf Color||See Fall Colors above|
|Minerals||Spectroscopy of Rocks and Minerals, and Principles of Spectroscopy
Color in Minerals
|Miscellaneous||Color in Plants, Animals and Man, [Nassau98,
The optics of feather color
Color Preservation, [Nassau98, Chapter 12]
Story and charter of sci.engr.color newsgroup
A Bibliography of Color and Philosophy
Paul Skokowski's color philosophy page
|Pigments||Colorants: Organic and Inorganic pigments, [Nassau98,
Pigments through the Ages: Pigments in Paintings
|Psychology, Physiology, Perception||
Why Should Engineers and Scientists Be Worried About Color?
Daylight: Is it in the eye of the beholder?
Physiology and Psychophysics, [Byrne97B, Section III]
|Rainbows||See Color Science page|
|Research Groups, Organizations, Societies|| RIT Munsell Color
Centre français de la Couleur (CFC)
Department of Colour Chemistry, University of Leeds
Colour Design Research Center
International Color Consortium, www.color.org
Optical Society of America, www.osa.org
Colour and Imaging Technology,
Institut für Technische Elektronik
|Skin Color||What Controls Variation in Human Skin
1, No. 1, PLoS Biology
In the well-known book "Color Science," by Gunter Wyszecki and W.S. Stiles (2nd ed, Wiley, 1982) there are some spectral reflectance curves of human skin for a number of races.
"Skin Deep", Scientific American, October 2002, pp. 74-81.
Gretag-Macbeth Color Checker spectral
reflectance data (DarkSkin, LightSkin, other colors)
Automatic Quantitative Analysis of Healing Skin Wounds using Colour
Digital Image Processing
A Colour Histogram Clustering Technique for Tissue Analysis of
Healing Skin Wounds,
Finding Naked People
Naked People Skin Filter
What color is the Sun?
All visible colors of the Sun, produced by passing the Sun's light
through a prism-like device,
What color is the Sun? - chromaticity above the atmosphere
ASTM E 891 - Direct Solar Spectral Irradiance at Air Mass 2.0
|Terminology||R.W.G. Hunt, "Colour Terminology," Color Research and Application, Vol 3, No 2, Summer 1978, pp. 79-87. Discusses set of psychometric terms and formulae, and their relationships to psychophysical and perceptual terms.|
Peter K. Kaiser and Robert M. Boynton, Human
Color Vision, Optical Society of America, 1996.
How Do We See Colors?
Red, Green, and Blue Cones
Molecular Biology of Human Vision Research by Jeremy Nathans
The Human Eye
The Joy of Visual Perception -- Web Book
Color Vision, [Nassau98, Chapter 3]
Vision Science Tutorials, FAQs, and Other Resources
Vision Science Bibliographies & Databases
Vision Science Demonstrations
Dictionary for the Study of Vision
Useful Numbers in Vision Science
Optical Illusions: Human Vision Versus Machine Vision
MIT Professor Adelson's Illusions
and Demos page
|Updated||5 Nov 2011|
|Since||1 Nov 1998|